Another page on the website describes the use of concrete as a wearing course in motorway and trunk road construction. Many of the positive aspects of this type of construction are equally applicable to any and all smaller neighbourhood, suburban and country roads with lower traffic densities. Though the use of large paving trains may not be expected, many of the general benefits are still applicable. We might mention reduced whole life costs, all aspects of sustainability, and less disturbance to the public from road closures and repairs and maintenance
More specifically, in some design-conscious cities and local authorities, e.g. in France and Belgium, concrete roads are being used as part of urban renewal initiatives to redesign and breathe new life into town neighbourhoods.
Such initiatives make use of concrete in a variety of ways, and integrated designs have been developed in a number of areas:
Uses for concrete paving are not limited to roads, but include yards and aprons, pathways, and loading bays. These various types of paved areas in farms have special requirements.
Physically, they have to stand up to heavy loads and impacts, and to abrasion from heavy farm equipment. Chemically, they have to withstand aggressive environments which can result not only from weather (particularly freeze/thaw cycles), but also from contact/storage of materials such as bulk fertilisers, silage and animal wastes.
The particular benefits of using concrete in farm environments include: